UPSC Full Form

UPSC Full Form: UPSC, or the Union Public Service Commission, is the greatest central authority in India, with the responsibility of administering a centralized examination for selection in public service commissions like IAS, IPS, IRS, etc.

UPSC Full Form

UPSC Full Form

UPSC’s full form is Union Public Service Commission. It is one of the largest recruitment agencies of the Government of India, selecting annually some of the brightest and most accomplished students from millions of applications for various positions in the public service.

In addition, the UPSC is consulted on matters about the promotion and transfer of civil service personnel, as well as any disciplinary issues involving civil servants in any civil subject.

Since its establishment on 1 October 1926, UPSC has performed recruitment and other tasks on behalf of the Public Service Commission.

UPSC is also regarded as the most difficult competitive exam in India; if a student qualifies, he or she must take over 32 hours of the exam on a separate stage.

UPSC conducts several civil service recruitment

Each year, the UPSC recruits for 24 distinct central public services, including the following:

  • IAS– Indian Administrative Service
  • IPS– Indian Police Service
  • IRS- Indian Revenue Service
  • IFS- Indian Foreign Service
  • IES- Indian Engineering services
  • CDS- Combined defense services
  • ICLS- Indian Corporate Law Service
  • IPoS- Indian Postal Service
  • IDES- Indian difference estate service
  • IIS- Indian Informative Service

Qualification for UPSC-


A candidate for the UPSC examination must be an Indian citizen.


The learner must be at least 21 years old and no older than 32 years old.
However, according to their category, pupils in the OBC and SC-ST categories also receive a maximum age reduction of five to six years.

Educational attainment-

Students must have completed high school in any field.

Number of attempts

Any pupil may take the UPSC examination a maximum of six times.

Phases of the UPSC Exam-

This competitive examination consists of three phases:


The first exam administered by the UPSC is the Preliminary, which consists of two 200-point objective-type papers.

Paper 1-

Under Paper One, candidates are tested on their knowledge of current events as well as the History of India, the Indian National Movement, the Geography of India and the World, the Indian Political System, Indian Panchayat Raj System, Indian Economics, World Economics, Indian Social Movements, Environment, etc.

Paper 2-

Paper 2 evaluates the candidates’ communication skills as well as their communication, logical reasoning, analytical ability, decision-making, fundamental numeracy, problem-solving, English language comprehension, and mental ability.


It is important to note that the prelims exam score is not taken into account when determining merit; however, all students must pass the prelims exam to sit for the main exam.


The second stage of the UPSC examination is the Mains exam. Those who pass the preliminary exam are eligible to take the Mains exam, which consists of nine subjective papers and is worth 2,000 marks.

Personal Interview-

Candidates who also perform well on the Mains examination are invited to a personal interview; the final merit list is compiled using the scores from the Mains examination and the personal interview.

When the final merit list is compiled following the three-stage examinations, it is determined which civil service position a student will receive.


Can 12th-graders apply to the UPSC?

Students who have completed their 12th-grade education cannot take this exam immediately after graduation. They must first complete Graduation.

What is the UPSC qualification?

Education Qualification for the IAS exam: The candidate must hold a Graduate Degree from a recognized University.

Is UPSC very difficult?

The UPSC examination is regarded as one of the most difficult in India due to its extensive and numerous syllabus.

What is the better subject for UPSC?

Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science is the best subject for UPSC, as it has the maximum success rate (18.8%).

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